What is a hernia?

Is an abnormal protrusion of intra-abdominal tissue through a defect in the muscle tissue of the abdominal wall.

Consult Dr. Adalberto Peña

Types of hernias

Inguinal hernia

It occurs when a tissue, in this case, part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the muscles of the groin area.

Umbilical hernia

Intra-abdominal tissue that protrudes through a defect or weakness of the abdominal wall muscles at the level of the umbilical scar.


  • An increase in tissue is felt in the area.
  • Burning or pain sensation in the area.
  • Sudden pain that intensifies rapidly.
  • The hernia is seen red, purple or dark.


  • Increased pressure inside the abdomen.
  • Pre-existing weak point in the abdominal wall.
  • Effort when defecating or urinating.
  • Genetic diseases of the production and quality of collagen


Standard treatment:

Hernia repair is a frequent surgical process.

Open hernia repair: this procedure is performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia and sedation. An incision is made in the area that protrudes into the abdomen. Then, the weakened area is sutured and often reinforced with a synthetic mesh (hernioplasty).

Laparoscopic hernia repair: this procedure is performed under general anesthesia, the surgeon operates through several small incisions in the abdomen. Gas is used to insufflate the abdomen and make it easier to see the internal organs. A small tube equipped with a tiny camera (laparoscope) is inserted through an incision. Guided by the camera, the surgeon inserts small instruments through the other incisions to repair the hernia with a mesh.

Recommendations before surgery

  • Fasting for at least 8 hours.
  • You can brush your teeth and rinse your mouth in the morning..


Is recommended a few weeks at rest for the body to recover from surgery.


  • Avoid strenuous activities.
  • Being at rest as long as possible can cause discomfort when you get up or move.
  • Eat healthy.
  • You can do sports once spending 1 month and having your doctor’s authorization.

Frequent questions

Why does a hernia come out?

A hernia can leave from birth or develop in people with weakness in the abdominal wall.

Hernias are mainly caused by increased pressure on the abdominal wall or structural weakness of the abdominal wall.

How dangerous can a hernia be?

Hernias of the abdominal wall and inguinal area are common and can be emergencies, when the content is in the defect and can not return to its place of origin, this can cause a lack of blood supply and put the organs at risk intra-abdominal and patient life.

How long does recovery from hernia surgery take?

Most hernia operations can return home the same day.

The recovery time is approximately 3 weeks up to 1 month and each case is individualized for greater success.

From the third week you can return to your normal activities.

Doctor's experience

Dr. Adalberto Peña specializes in laparoscopic surgery for repair of inguinal hernias type TAPP and repair of abdominal wall hernia. With a medical team with more than 25 years of experience.


  • Cirugía General

    Dr. Adalberto

    Peña Chávez

        Surgical team with 25 years of experience
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